Accessibility Basics

Universal Design for Digital Environments

The web frequently serves as the “front door” for students in academic contexts. Do you welcome users (students, faculty/staff, community) by creating a digital environment that is flexible, intuitive, and equitable?


Content can be accessed in multiple ways, to accommodate for the user’s ability or situation.

  • Captions for all web video sound: dialogue, significant background sounds, music
  • Transcripts for podcasts, lectures, and other audio files
  • Text/audio equivalent for web video images
  • Text description for still images, including photographs, graphs/charts, etc.


Design and use are easy to understand regardless of the user’s experience, language skills, or physical ability.

  • Maintain a simple and consistent design
  • Accommodate a wide range of literacy and language skills
  • Provide time and feedback for any task the user must complete


All content and processes are available to users with diverse abilities and backgrounds.

  • Site/ course can be fully navigated using keyboard commands
  • Documents and websites are structured using clear organization, including headings and styles
  • All users are provided identical or equivalent access

More information about how to implement these principles can be found in

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